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The Status of Captive Wild Animals in the U.S.: An Overview of the Problem and the Laws

By Nicole Paquette
Source: Animal Law Institute Conference - Dallas, TX

X. Conclusion

Imagine yourself in a wide-open field, seeking food, water, and a place to rest. Imagine having the freedom to roam as your nature and instinct guide. Imagine living in a complex family and community structure, free from human interference and exploitation. This is the life wild animals need, but that captivity denies them.

Through a national effort of passing legislation to prohibit the possession and use of captive wild animals for entertainment, helping to enforce current laws, and a concerted public education campaign, we can stop the surplus trade and one day have wild animals where they belong — in the wild!

Nicole Paquette, J.D., Vermont Law School, is General Counsel for the Animal Protection Institute


Footnotes:

  1. William M Johnson, The Rose-Tinted Menagerie: A History of Animals in Entertainment, from Ancient Rome to the 20th Century (2002).
  2. Id.
  3. David Hancocks, A Different Nature: The Paradoxical World of Zoos and Their Uncertain Future (2001).
  4. Laws Relating to Exotic Animal Auctions.
  5. 7 USC Section 2131 et seq.; 9 CFR §2.1 et seq.; Policy #5 - Exotic Animal Auctions under the Animal Welfare Act.
  6. Summary of State Laws Relating to Breeding Wild and/or Exotic Animals.
  7. 7 USC § 2131-2156 (1996 and as amended, 1970, 1976, 1985. 1990, and 2002).
  8. Centers For Disease Control.
  9. Team Tulsa News.
  10. Exhibited Animal Incidents.
  11. 7 USC § 2131-2156 (1969 and as amended, 1970, 1976, 1985, 1990, and 2002).
  12. 9 CFR §3.1 et seq.
  13. 27 U.S.T. 1087 (Mar. 3, 1973).
  14. Resolution Conf. 5.10.
  15. 50 CFR § 23.15(d).
  16. 16 USC § 1538 et seq.
  17. 50 CFR § 17.22.
  18. 50 CFT § 17.21 (g).
  19. 16 USC § 701; 16 USC §§ 3371-3378.
  20. Detroit Free Press.
  21. See Appendix 2.
  22. FLA. STAT. ANN. 372-921 and FLA. ADMIN. CODE ANN r. 68A-6.0023.
  23. IND. ADMIN. CODE tit 312, r. 9-10-20 and r. 9-11-14.
  24. Ordinances Regulating Private Possession of Exotic Animals.
  25. Local Restrictions Governing Traveling Shows and Circuses in the U.S. and Canada.
  26. Cal. Fish & Game Code §2020(c).
  27. See Cal. Fish & Game Code §2150.4.
  28. See Cal. Fish & Game Code § 2150.3 (a).
  29. See CAL. CODE REGS. Tit. 14, §§671 et al.
  30. CAL. CODE REGS. Tit. 14, §671.1(c)(6)(B).

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