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New Hampshire State Laws Governing Private Possession of Exotic Animals

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N.H. REV. STATE. ANN. §207:14 - Importing and Releasing.

I. No person shall import, possess, sell, exhibit, or release any live marine species or wildlife, or the eggs or progeny thereof, without first obtaining a permit from the executive director except as permitted under title XVIII. The executive director shall have the authority to determine the time period and any other conditions governing the issuance of such permit. The executive director may refuse to issue a permit if he determines that such issuance may pose significant disease, genetic, ecological, environmental, health, safety, or welfare risks to persons, marine species or wildlife.

II. The executive director shall adopt rules, pursuant to RSA 541-A, to administer this section and relative to the importation, possession, exhibition, sale or release of all marine species and wildlife, including, but not limited to:

(a) Size, sex, number and quantity.

(b) Transportation, within or through the state of New Hampshire.

(c) Sale, inspection, processing, recordkeeping and marking.

(d) Method of keeping.

(e) Areas of release.

(f) Method of release.

(g) Method of taking.

(h) Permit fee schedules.

(i) Appropriate definitions.

III. The executive director may establish a list of marine species or wildlife or the eggs or progeny of such marine species or wildlife which may be exempted from any or all of the provisions of RSA 207:14.

IV. Except where otherwise provided, any person who violates this section or any rule adopted under this section shall be guilty of a violation and guilty of an additional violation for each marine species or wildlife possessed contrary to the provisions of this section.



Fis 802.01 Permittee Categories.

(a) For the purposes of this chapter the permittee categories shall be as follows:

(1) An individual person shall be permittee category 1;

(2) A propagator shall be permittee category 2;

(3) An individual training and shooting permittee shall be category 3.

(4) The person operating a regulated shooting area shall be permittee category 4;

(5) An exhibitor shall be permittee category 5; and

(6) An aquaculturist shall be permittee category 6.

Fis 804.01 Definitions.

(a) "Cage" means an area enclosed on all sides and has a top and a bottom.

(b) "Enclosure" means an area enclosed on all sides.

Fis 804.02 Non-controlled Species - Possession.

(a) A permit to possess wildlife shall not be required for any person to possess wildlife designated as non-controlled as specified in (b), below.

(b) For purposes of this part, the following species or groups of wildlife shall be designated as non-controlled:

(1) Ornamental aquarium fish, both fresh and marine that shall be kept in a closed system;

(2) Amphibians;

(3) Non-venomous reptiles, except the following:

  1. Spotted turtles (Clemmys guttata);
  2. Blanding's turtles (Emydoidea blandingii);
  3. Wood turtles (Clemmys insculpta); and
  4. Eastern box turtles (Terrapene carolina carolina);

(3) The following exotic birds:

  1. Cockatiel (Nymphicus hollandieus)
  2. Canaries (Serinus spp.);
  3. Parrots (Psittaciformes);
  4. Parakeets (Budgerigar) except Monk Parakeet (Myiopsitta monachus);
  5. Mynah Birds (Acridotheres spp);
  6. Finches (Estrildidae spp);
  7. Pekin robin (Leiothrip lutea);
  8. Weavers (Ploceidae);
  9. Toucans (Ramphastidae);
  10. Button quail (Turnicidae);
  11. Pigeons and doves (Columbiformes), exotic; and
  12. Feral pigeons (Columba domestica and C. livia);
  13. Emu (Dromaius novaehollandire);
  14. Ostrich (Struthis camelus);
  15. Rehas (Rheidae);
  16. Waterfowl, exotic migratory except mute swans;
  17. Waterfowl, mallard by individuals in category 1;
  18. Gallinaceous birds, except:
  1. Bobwhite quail, Northern (Colinus virginianus);
  2. Grouse, Ruffed (Bonasa umbellus);
  3. Grouse, Spruce (Dendragapus canadensis);
  4. Pheasant, Ring-necked (Phasianus colchicus);
  5. Partridge, Chuckar and Redleg (Alectoris chuka); and
  6. Partridge, Grey/Hungarian (Perdix perdix);

(4) The following mammals:

  1. Chinchillas, domesticated, (Chinchilla spp);
  2. Gerbils, domesticated;
  3. Guinea Pigs, domesticated (Cavia spp);
  4. Hamsters, domesticated (Cricetus cricetus);
  5. Mice, domesticated (Mus musculus);
  6. Rats, domesticated (Rattus norvegicus and Rattus rattus);
  7. Ferrets, domesticated (Mustela putorius furo);
  8. Llamas (Lama glama);
  9. Alpaca (Lama pacos);
  10. Pot belly pigs, domesticated;
  11. Rabbits, domesticated;
  12. African pigmy hedgehog;
  13. Sugar glider (Petaurus breviceps);
  14. Tenrec (Tenrec ecaudatus); and
  15. Yak (Bos grunniens)

Fis 804.03 Prohibited Species - Possession.

(a) No person shall be issued a permit to possess wildlife that has been designated as prohibited as specified in Fis 804.03(b).

(b) For the purposes of this part, the following species or groups of wildlife shall be designated as prohibited:

(1) The following invertebrates:

  1. Zebra mussel; and
  2. All non-indigenous crayfish; and

(2) The following fish:

  1. Walking catfish (Clarias batrachus);
  2. White amur/grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella);
  3. European rudd (Scardinius erythophthalmus); and
  4. Round goby (Neogobius melanostomus); and

(3) Monk Parakeet (Myiopsitta monachus).

Fis 804.04 Permits To Possess Wildlife.

(a) No live wildlife designated as controlled, the eggs or progeny thereof, shall be possessed without a permit to possess wildlife or except as otherwise permitted under RSA 207:1-a, 214:34-d and 209-A:3, IV.

(b) All species not specifically listed under the categories of non-controlled, prohibited or controlled shall be designated as controlled and shall require a permit to possess.

(c) The executive director shall review each application to possess and shall make a determination as to whether such possession shall be permitted. No permit to possess shall be issued if there is any significant disease, genetic, ecological, environmental, health, safety or welfare risks to the public or other wildlife species.

(d) In order to determine such a determination, the executive director shall consider the following criteria such as but not limited to:

(1) Life cycle;

(2) Life history;

(3) Reproduction habits;

(4) Habitat requirements;

(5) Interaction with competing species for food/habitat;

(6) The ability of the species to survive or not survive in New Hampshire' environment;

(7) Geographic distribution in the wild;

(8) Source of wildlife; and

(9) Competition with indigenous species.

(e) No possession of wildlife shall take place until a permit is issued by the executive director.

(f) Permits to possess wildlife as specified in Fis 804.05(a) shall expire on December 31 of the calendar year of issuance, unless sooner revoked.

(g) The permit shall be valid only for the facilities or locations described in the application and the permit shall not be transferable or assignable.

(h) Application for a permit to possess shall be submitted no less than 30 days in advance of the date of possession.

(i) Health certificates shall meet standards set forth by the United States Department of Agriculture pursuant to 9 CFR, 2.78 and/or the New Hampshire Department of Agriculture.

Fis 804.05 Controlled Species - Possession.

(a) A permit to possess wildlife shall be required for all species designated as controlled as cited in the controlled table under (b), below.

(b) A permit shall be issued only to a person in the permittee category(ies), as defined in Fis 802.01, and cited Table 800.2:

Table 800.2 Controlled Species Table - Possession

5 All venomous reptiles
5 Blanding's turtles Emydoidea blandingii
5 Eastern box turtles Terrapene carolina carolina
5 Spotted turtles Clemmys guttata
5 Wood turtles Clemmys insculpta
1, 6 Channel catfish
1, 6 Talapia
1, 6 Hybrid striped bass
5 All native species
1,2, 5 All waterfowl, indigenous and naturalized, except
2, 3, 4, 5 Mallard Anas platyrhynchos
2, 5 Mute Swans Cygnus olor
Gallinaceous Birds:
1, 2, 3, 4, 5 Bobwhite Quail, Northern Colinus virginianus
5 Grouse, Ruffed Bonasa umbellus
5 Grouse, Spruce Dendragapus canadensis
1, 2, 3, 4, 5 Pheasant, Ring-necked Phasianus colchicus
1, 2, 3, 4, 5 Partridge, Chukar /Redleg Alectoris chuka
1, 2, 3, 4, 5 Partridge, Grey/Hungarian Perdix perdix
5 Armadillo
5 Bat, Big Brown Eptesicus fuscus
5 Bat, Hoary Lasiurus cinereus
5 Bat, Red Lasiurus borealis
5 Bat, Silver-haired Lasionycteris noctivagans
5 Bear, Black Ursus americanus
5 Beaver Castor canadensis
1, 2, 5 Bison Bison bison, B. bonasus
5 Boar , wild Sus scrofa
5 Bobcat Felis rufus
5 Camel Camelus spp
5 Caribou/Reindeer Rangifer tarandus
5 Chipmunk, Eastern Tamias striatus
5 Coatimundi Nasua nasua
1, 2, 4 & 5 Cottontail, Eastern Sylvilagus floridanus
1, 2, 4 & 5 Cottontail, New England Sylvilagus transitionalis
5 Cougar Felis concolor
5 Coyote Canis latrans
5 Dama Wallaby
2,5 Deer, Fallow Dama dama
2, 5 Deer, Red Cervuselaphus
2, 5 Deer, Sika Cervus nippon
5 Deer, White-tailed Odocoileus virginianus
5 Elephant Elaphus maximus, Loredomta africans
2, 5 Elk Cervus elephus canadenois
5 Fisher Martes pennanti
5 Fox, Gray Urocyon cinereoargenteus
5 Fox, Red Vulpes vulpes
5 Genet Genetta spp
5 Hyena
1, 2, 4 & 5 Hare, Snowshoe Lepus americanus
5 Kinkajou Potos flavus
5 Lemming, Northern Bog Synaptomys borealis
5 Lemming, Southern Bog Synaptomys cooperi
5 Leopard Panthern umeia , P. pardus, Neofelis nebulasa
5 Lion Panthera leo
5 Lynx Lynx canadensis
5 Marten Martes americana
5 Mink Mustela vison
5 Mole, Hairy-tailed Parascalops breweri
5 Mole, Star-nosed Condylura cristata
5 Moose Alces alces
5 Mouse, Deer Peromyscus maniculatus
5 Mouse, Meadow Jumping Zapus hudsonius
5 Mouse, White-footed Peromyscus leucopus
5 Mouse, Woodland Jumping Napaeozapus insignis
5 Muskrat Odontra zibethicus
5 Myotis, Keen's Myotis keenii
5 Myotis, Little Brown Myotis lucifugus
5 Myotis, Small-footed Myotis leibii
5 Opossum, Virginia Didelphis virginiana
5 Otter, River Lutra canadensis
5 Pipistrelle, Eastern Pipistrellus subflavus
5 Porcupine Erethizon dorsatum
5 Prairie Dog Cynamys, spp.
5 Primates to include:
Chimpanzee Pan troglodytes
Gorilla gorilla gorilla
Orangutan Pongo pygmaeus
Baboons Papio spp
Spider Monkey Ateles spp
Squirrel Monkey Saimici spp
Capuchin Cebus spp
Rhesus Macaca mulatta
5 Raccoon Procyon lotor
5 Rat, Norway Rattus norvegicus
5 Shrew, Long-tailed Sorex dispar
5 Shrew, Masked Sorex cinereus
5 Shrew, Pygmy Sorex hoyi
5 Shrew, Short-tailed Blarina brevicauda
5 Shrew, Smoky Sorex fumeus
5 Shrew, Water Sorex palustris
5 Skunk, Striped Mephitis mephitis
5 Squirrel, Gray Sciurus carolinensis
5 Squirrel, Northern Flying Glaucomys sabrinus
5 Squirrel, Red Tamiasciurus hudsonicus
5 Squirrel, Southern Flying Glaucomys volans
5 Tiger Panthera tigeris
5 Two-Toed Sloth Choloepus didaclybus
5 Vole, Meadow Microtus pennsylvanicus
5 Vole, Northern Red-backed Clethrionomys gapperi
5 Vole, Rock Microtus chrotorrhinus
5 Vole, Woodland Microtus pinetorum
5 Weasel, Least Erminea rixosa
5 Weasel, Long-tailed Mustela frenata
5 Weasel, Short-tailed Mustela erminea
5 Woodchuck Marmota monax
5 Wolf Canis lupus

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