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Sustainable/Recycled Hats

Ordinances Regulating Private Possession of Exotic Animals

The following is a partial list of cities and counties that prohibit or strictly regulate the private possession of certain exotic animals. Given the difficulty in researching every city and county code, we have provided you with only a sampling. If you are aware of a city not listed please contact us.

United States

Alabama

  • Homewood – It is unlawful to harbor wild animals, exotic or other, within city limits.
  • Mountain Brook – It is unlawful to harbor wild animals, exotic or other, within city limits.
  • Tuscaloosa – It is unlawful for any person to keep or maintain within the city any vicious dangerous or poisonous animal, except when kept confined in an enclosure or cage which is sufficiently secure to prevent the escape of the animal.

Arizona

  • Payson – Pursuant to Ordinance 796, individuals cannot own, harbor, keep or permit certain exotic animals without written permission from the chief of police, who must ensure the animals' health and safety will be adequately cared for and not constitute a threat to health or safety. Exotic animals are defined as "non-human primate, alligator, crocodile, cayman, raccoon, skunk, bear, bison, deer, elk, moose, sea mammal, poisonous reptile, constrictor more than 6 feet long, big cat, wild and wild hybrid dogs, or any other animal that requires a standard of care greater than that required for domestic pets and farm animals."
  • Tucson – It is unlawful for any person having charge, care of or control of any wild animal, which is by nature dangerous or vicious, to keep, bring, maintain, or exhibit such an animal within the city, unless the animal is confined in a cage or enclosure adequate to prevent its escape and prevent any access to it by any non-authorized person.

Arkansas

  • Fayetteville – No person shall keep or permit to be kept any wild animal as a "pet" within corporate limits of the city. Wild animal is defined as any non-human primate, raccoon, skunk, fox, wolf, coyote, poisonous snake, leopard, panther, tiger, lion, lynx or any other warm-blooded animal which can normally be found in the wild state, or the offspring borne to wild animals bred with domestic dogs or cats.
  • Rogers – The possession, maintenance, or keeping of innately wild animals within city limits is prohibited. Innately wild animals means lions, tigers, cougars, leopards, panthers, bears, and wolves and other nondomestic animals of an untamable disposition.

California

  • Alameda – In addition to the state ban on private possession of exotic animals as "pets," it is unlawful to temporarily possess exotic animals in neighborhoods within city limits.
  • Contra Costa – In addition to the state ban on private possession of exotic animals as "pets," it is unlawful to temporarily possess exotic animals in neighborhoods within city limits.
  • Mendocino – In addition to the state ban on private possession of exotic animals as "pets," it is unlawful to temporarily possess exotic animals in neighborhoods within city limits.
  • San Diego County – It is unlawful to own, possess or maintain any venomous reptile. It is unlawful for any person to own, possess or maintain any other wild animal unless he/she complies with all federal, state and local laws, regulations and permit requirements affecting such animals.
  • Sonoma – In addition to the state ban on private possession of exotic animals as "pets," it is unlawful to temporarily possess exotic animals in neighborhoods within city limits.

Colorado

  • Apache Junction – Prohibits private possession of monkeys as "pets."
  • Aurora – It is unlawful for any person to possess as a "pet" the following species of animals: poisonous snakes and poisonous reptiles; non-human primates; bears; raccoons, porcupines, skunks, badgers or other like species; foxes, wolves, coyotes or other species of canines other than dogs; crocodilians with a length greater than 1 foot; any animal that is not indigenous to the state and not classified as a household "pet."
  • Boulder – It is unlawful to possess exotic animals as "pets" within city limits. Exotic animals includes ursids (bears), felids (wild cats), mustalids (skunks, weasels), venomous reptiles, procuonides (raccoons), elephants, marine mammals (seals, dolphins), hyenas, edentates (anteaters, sloths), viverrids (mongooses), canids (wolves), marsupials (opossums), ungulates (deer, camel), non-human primates (monkeys, chimpanzees).
  • Broomfield – It is unlawful to own a wolf-hybrid within city limits.
  • Denver – It is unlawful for any person to possess as a "pet" any living wild or dangerous animal within the city. Wild or dangerous animals include: poisonous reptiles, monitor lizards and teglis, nonpoisonous snakes with a length greater than 6 feet, crocodillians, poisonous spiders, scorpions, all species of non-human mammals (except domestic dog, cat, ferret, laboratory mouse and rat; hamster; guinea pig; gerbil; and chinchilla).
  • Louisville – It is unlawful to own a wolf-hybrid within city limits.

Delaware

  • Wilmington – No wild animal and no wild fowl may be kept within the city limits, except under conditions fixed by the Delaware Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. These animals may be kept for exhibition purposes by circuses, zoos, and educational institutions.

Florida

  • Fort Lauderdale – It is unlawful for any person to keep or permit to be kept on his premises any wild or vicious animal as a "pet." Wild animal means any animal which can not normally be found in a wild state including those feral, exotic, dangerous or nondomesticated animals which generally do not live in or about the habitation of humans such as monkeys, raccoons, skunks, squirrels, deer, tigers, lions, and the like.
  • Palm Beach – No person shall keep, possess or maintain any live animal within town other than domesticated household "pets" or domesticated animals.

Illinois

  • Aurora – No person shall own, keep or harbor within the city: any snake, reptile or lizard that is physically capable of injuring any person by bite, poison, constriction or other means; any lion, tiger, cougar, jaguar, panther, mountain lion, lynx, ocelot, leopard; any wolf, coyote, jackal, fox, wild dog or hybrid; any bear or bison; any rodent weighing more than 1 pound (not guinea pigs); any non-canine animal not native to the North American continent; and any primates.
  • Champaign – No person may keep, harbor or allow to be kept within city limits any lion, tiger, leopard, ocelot, jaguar, cheetah, margay, mountain lion, lynx, bobcat, jaguarundi, bear, hyena, wolf, wolf-hybrid, poisonous reptile, or other animal normally wild and dangerous to human life.
  • Chicago – No person shall sell or give to another person, harbor, or keep wild animals within city limits. "Wild animals" includes but is not limited to: non-domesticated canines, non-domesticated felines, bears, bats, non-human primates, squirrels, all fur bearing mammals of the family Mustelidae, all animals from the family Procyonidae, all carnivorous mammals from the family Viverridae, dangerous reptiles, large rodents, etc.
  • Rolling Meadows – Prohibits private possession of exotic animals as "pets."

Indiana

  • Dugger Town – No person shall keep exotic animals, including but not limited to elephants, tigers, lions, poisonous snakes, poisonous spiders, scorpions, constricting snakes and wolves or any other similar animal that requires a permit from any agency within the state of Indiana or any of the federal government.
  • Fort Wayne – No person shall keep, shelter, harbor, buy, sell, or trade within the city a dangerous wild animal or a dangerous exotic animal. Dangerous wild or exotic animals include but is not limited to bears, tigers, wolves, etc.
  • St. John – No person may possess a wild animal as a "pet." Wild animals include any living member of the animal kingdom, including those born or raised in captivity (excluding hybrids).

Kansas

  • Butler County – It is unlawful to possess an exotic animal within county limits. Exotic animals include all animals except certain domestic animals, such as dogs, cats, ostriches, emus, and llamas.
  • Douglas County – It is unlawful to possess exotic animals as "pets."
  • Manhattan – It is unlawful to possess as a "pet" within the city any poisonous reptile or any other dangerous wild animal or reptile, any vicious or dangerous domesticated animal, or any other animal with vicious or dangerous propensities. In addition, it is unlawful for any person to possess the following animals (partial list): all poisonous animals, non-human primates, bears, non-domesticated felines, non-domesticated canines, crocodilians (30 inches in length or more), deer, elephants, fighting birds, hyenas, ostriches, skunks, etc.
  • Topeka – It is illegal to possess wild or exotic animals.
  • Wichita – It is unlawful for persons to possess within city limits venomous snakes, bears, wolves, wolf-dog hybrids and big cats (lions and tigers) except when exhibited for educational purposes or by licensed zoos. In addition, it is unlawful to pet, play or hold exotic animals at public displays.
  • Wyandotte County – It is unlawful to possess exotic animals as "pets."

Kentucky

  • Campbell County – No person shall own exotic species within the county.  Exotic animals include but are not limited to lions, tigers, bears, foxes, kangaroos, etc.
  • Covington - It is unlawful to possess wild and exotic animals as "pets." Wild and exotic animals includes, but is not limited to, poisonous snakes and spiders, crocodiles, alligators, baboons, cheetahs, lions, cougars, wolves, raccoons, skunks, prairie dogs, etc.
  • Urban County (Lexington-Fayette) – It is unlawful to possess inherently dangerous animals within the county. Inherently dangerous animals included but are not limited to: hyenas, lions, tigers, leopards, cheetah, elephants, baboons, gorillas, crocodiles, alligators, cobras, adders or vipers, venomous rear-fanged snakes, wolf or wolf-hybrids, bears, and cougars.
  • Warren County – No person shall own, keep or permit to be kept or harbor on any premises any non-domestic animals. "Non-domestic" animals include but are not limited to: lions, tigers, cougars, non-human primates, bears, wolves, venomous reptiles and any cross breed.

Louisiana

  • Baton Rouge and East Baton Rouge Parish – No person shall own, possess, sell, or keep an exotic animal as a "pet" in the parish. Exotic animals are all species of vertebrate animals not naturally occurring in any ecosystem in the United States, including hybrids thereof, including, but not limited to, lions, tigers, leopards, hyenas, primates, bears, elephants, bison, antelopes, deer or poisonous snakes.
  • Caddo Parish – No person shall keep or permit to be kept on his premises any wild or exotic animals as a "pet" except those animals acquired prior to January 1, 1988.
  • Rayne – No person shall keep or permit to be kept within the city limits as a "pet" any savage, dangerous, wild, or vicious animal.
  • Slidell – It is unlawful for any person to keep, possess, or maintain any wild, exotic, or vicious animal, or any livestock or reptile on any parcel of land within the city. Wild or exotic animal includes but is not limited to any nonhuman primate, raccoon, skunk, wolf, wolf hybrid, lion, tiger, or any other warm-blooded animal, poisonous snake or tarantula.
  • Vivian – No person shall keep or permit to be kept any wild or exotic animal as a "pet" except such animals that were acquired prior to January 5, 1988.

Maryland

  • Anne Arundel County – No person may keep or permit to be kept on the person's premises any wild, exotic, or vicious animal as a "pet." Exotic animal means an animal introduced from another country and not indigenous to the State.
  • Howard County – No person may keep non-human primates as "pets" within county limits.
  • Prince George's County – All exotic, nontraditional "pets" are illegal under the state's most restrictive pet ordinance.

Michigan

  • Blissfield – No person, corporation, or organization shall keep, house, or maintain in any dwelling, building or upon any lot within the village any farm, wild, dangerous, or exotic animal. Farm, wild, dangerous, or exotic animals include, but are not limited to: any poisonous animals, fish reptiles or insects; bears, bobcats, cheetahs, coyotes, deer, elephants, apes, chimpanzees, lions, tigers, ostriches, reptiles, wolves, cows, pigs, etc.
  • Brownstown – No person may keep exotic animals as "pets" within county limits.
  • Chesterfield – It is unlawful to possess to possess wild or exotic animals as "pets." Wild and exotic animals include, but are not limited to: bears, cheetahs, constrictor snakes, alligators, lions, leopards, tigers, wolves, coyotes, elephants, rear-fanged snakes, and poisonous spiders.
  • Grand Rapids – No person may keep on their premises within the city any wild animals as "pets." Wild animals include, but are not limited to alligators, badgers, poisonous lizards, lemurs, bears, wild birds, large cats, nonhuman primates, coyotes, deer, wolves, dog-wolf, and ferrets.
  • Richmond – No person may possess, breed, exchange, buy or sell nonhuman primates, venomous reptiles, large cats, nondomesticated carnivores including hybrids, sharks, ostriches, piranha fish, poisonous and venomous insects, elephants, hoofed animals, and nonruminant ungulate mammals.
  • Roscommon County – Prohibits private possession of exotic animals.
  • Shelby Township – Prohibits possession of exotic animals as "pets."
  • Waterford – It is unlawful for any person to possess or maintain within the township poisonous animals and reptiles, apes, chimpanzees, baboons, bears, cheetahs, constrictor snakes, coyotes, elephants, gamecocks, hyenas, leopards, lions, tigers, ostriches, wolves, etc. (does not include monkeys).
  • Wright – Prohibits dangerous animals from being kept with the town. However, some exotic animals may be allowed if the commissioners find that the animal does not pose any safety or health risks to the community.

Minnesota

  • Bloomington – Prohibits private possession of dangerous animals as "pets."
  • Burnsville – Prohibits private possession of dangerous animals as "pets."
  • Duluth – Prohibits private possession of dangerous animals as "pets."
  • Edina – Prohibits private possession of dangerous animals as "pets."
  • Hermantown – Prohibits private possession of dangerous animals as "pets."
  • Marshall – Prohibits private possession of dangerous animals as "pets."
  • Mankato – Prohibits private possession of dangerous animals as "pets."
  • Northfield – Prohibits private possession of dangerous animals as "pets."
  • Rochester – Prohibits private possession of dangerous animals as "pets."
  • St. Louis Park – Prohibits private possession of dangerous animals as "pets."
  • St. Paul – Prohibits private possession of dangerous animals as "pets."
  • St. Paul Park – No person shall keep or allow to be kept in the city any non-domesticated animal or species which is wild by nature or disposition including, but not limited to: skunks, any large cat, wolves, foxes, coyotes, any poisonous snake, pit viper, or constrictor, and raccoon.
  • Stillwater – No person shall harbor, maintain or control any wild or dangerous animal within the city. Wild or dangerous animals include, but are not limited to: wolves, coyotes, foxes, hyenas, bears, lions, jaguars, tigers, cheetah, cougar, elephants, macaque monkeys, baboons, chimpanzees, cobras, adders, vipers, all venomous rear-fanged species, boa constrictor, anaconda, Indian and Rock python, etc.
  • Winona – Prohibits private possession of dangerous animals as "pets."
  • Wyoming – It shall be unlawful for any person to keep, maintain or have in his possession or under his control within the city any of the following animals: all poisonous animals (including snakes), baboons, chimpanzees, bears, constrictor snakes, coyotes, deer, elephants, gamecocks, hyenas, leopards, lions, monkeys, ostriches, tigers, wolves, etc.

Mississippi

  • Brandon – No person shall keep any wild animal or reptile within the corporate limits of the city. Wild animal means all nondomesticated animals, including, but not limited to, lions, tigers, bears, wolves, apes, monkeys, foxes, skunks, squirrels, and coyotes.
  • Southaven – No person shall keep or permit to be kept any leopard, cheetah, lion, tiger, panther, cougar, bear, coyote, wolf, alligator, or crocodile or any wild animal in any area zoned R1, R2, R3, or R4.

Missouri

  • Arnold – No person shall keep or permit to be kept any wild animal as a "pet." Wild animal means any live monkey, raccoon, skunk, fox, poisonous snake, python or boa constrictor longer than 6 feet in length, leopard, panther, tiger, lion, lynx, or other warm-blooded animal which can normally be found in the wild state.
  • Jackson County – It is unlawful to possess exotic animals as "pets."
  • Joplin – No person may keep wild animals within the city limits. Wild animals shall include but not be limited to dangerous exotic carnivores and bats, nonhuman primates, dangerous or poisonous reptiles, foxes, raccoons, skunks, turtles or any wild animal crossbreed.
  • Kansas City – It is unlawful to keep or harbor any carnivorous or omnivorous animal, including but not limited to nonhuman primates, nondomestic cats and hybrids, wolves, wolf-dog hybrid, raccoons, skunks, and crocodiles.
  • Maryland Heights – No person shall keep or permit to be kept any wild animal as a "pet." Wild animal means any member of the animal kingdom, including those born or raised in captivity.
  • North Kansas City – No person may keep or harbor any warm-blooded carnivorous or omnivorous animal, including but not limited to nonhuman primates, raccoons, skunks, leopards, lions, tigers, and any member of the canine family (including wolf-dogs), and animals having poisonous bites within the city.
  • St. Charles City – It is unlawful for residents to keep wild animals as "pets." Wild animals include but are not limited to: monkeys, apes, chimpanzees, orangutans, all non-domesticated felines, alligators, crocodiles, poisonous reptiles, any venomous snakes, constrictor snakes, bears, raccoon, fox, skunk, coyote, wolf, or any cross breed thereof.
  • Union – It shall be unlawful to keep or maintain any wild animal or domestic livestock in any zoning district other than those areas designated "NU" within the city.

Montana

  • Billings – No person shall keep or permit to be kept on his or her premises a wild animal or wild animal hybrid except a wolf-dog hybrid in private possession prior to February 1, 1993 may be retained by the same person. Wild animal means any live monkey, raccoon, skunk, fox, poisonous snake, leopard, panther, tiger, lion, lynx, coyote, wolf or any warm-blooded animal taken from the wild state.

Nebraska

  • Omaha – No person may keep, confine, or sell any nondomesticated animal within city limits.

New York

  • Islip – Prohibits private possession of monkeys as "pets."
  • Massapequa – Prohibits private possession of dangerous animals as "pets."
  • New York City -The City's Health Code prohibits private possession of any species deemed wild, ferocious, fierce, dangerous, or naturally inclined to do harm. There are over 200 animals on a list banned from private possession within city limits.
  • Rochester – Prohibits private possession of "wild animals" as "pets." "Wild animals" include but are not limited to: all venomous animals (except fish), antelope, bighorn sheep, gazelles, impalas, gnus, bison, buffalo, wildebeests, zebras, bats, bears, camelidae, canids, cervidae, crocadillians, elephants, falconiformes, felids, giraffidae, herpestidae, hippopotamuses, hyenas, komodo dragons, marsupials, ostriches, emus, rheas, primates, rhinoceros, snapping turtles, weasels, etc. There is no grandfather clause within the ordinance.

North Carolina

  • Cabarrus County – No person may possess an inherently dangerous exotic mammal or reptile. An inherently dangerous exotic mammal or reptile is any member of the canidae, felidae or ursidae family, including hybrids thereof, and any member of the reptilia family.
  • Charlotte – It is unlawful for any person, firm, or corporation to keep, maintain, possess or have within the city any venomous reptile or any other wild or exotic animal. A wild or exotic animal is defined as one which would ordinarily be confined to a zoo or one which would normally be found in the wild. This includes but is not limited to monkeys, raccoons, squirrels, ocelots, wolves, hybrid wolves, and mammals and nonvenomous reptiles weighing over 50 pounds.
  • Chatham – Prohibits private possession of exotic animals as "pets."
  • Davidson County – Prohibits private possession of dangerous animals as "pets."
  • Forsyth County – Prohibits private possession of exotic animals as "pets."
  • Garner – It is unlawful for any person to maintain, keep, house, or possess within the town limits any swine, venomous reptile, or any other wild or exotic animal. A wild or exotic animal includes but is not limited to monkeys, squirrels, bobcats, wolves, wolf hybrids, other animals which causes zoonotic diseases, and those mammals or those nonvenomous reptiles weighing over 50 pounds at maturity.
  • Havelock – No person may own, keep, harbor maintain or care for or otherwise possess any wild animals, any barnyard animals, or any animal with a poisonous or toxic bite as a "pet" within the municipal limits. Wild animal refers to any animal whether carnivorous or omnivorous, normally found in a wild state.
  • Lee – Prohibits private possession of exotic animals as "pets."
  • North Topsail Beach – It is unlawful for a person in the town to possess any nondomestic animal which is dangerous to persons or property or which has the potential of being dangerous to persons or property.
  • Orange – Prohibits private possession of exotic animals as "pets."
  • Stokes County – Prohibits future private possession of exotic animals as "pets."
  • Surry County – Prohibits private possession of inherently dangerous exotic animals as "pets." "Inherently dangerous exotic animals" includes, but is not limited to, nonhuman primates, wolves, wolf-hybrids, all wild cats weighing over 15 pounds, bears, alligators, venomous reptiles, etc.
  • Sylva – It is unlawful for any person to own, keep, or possess any wild or vicious animal with the corporate limits of the town. Wild animal is any animal that can normally be found in a wild state; any feral, exotic, dangerous, or nondomestic animal that does not generally live in or about the habitation of humans, including but not limited to lions, tigers, leopards, wildcats, bears, and deer.
  • Wilkes County – Prohibits private possession of inherently dangerous exotic animals as "pets." "Inherently dangerous exotic animals" includes but is not limited to tigers, lions, servals, ocelots, giraffes, hippos, wolves, bears, weasels, coatis, hyenas, civets, wallabies, nonhuman primates, prairie dogs, alligators, venomous reptiles, etc.

Ohio

  • Austintown – No person may possess an exotic animal within town limits. Exotic animal means any animal that is native to a foreign country or a foreign origin or character, is not native to the United States, or was introduced from abroad, such as lions, tigers, leopards, elephants, camels, antelope, anteaters, kangaroos, and water buffalo.
  • Cincinnati – No person may possess an inherently dangerous wild animal in city limits. Inherently dangerous wild animals include: apes, bears, coyotes, elephants, and lions.
  • Cleveland – No person may possess an exotic animal as a "pet" within city limits. Exotic "pets" include lions, tigers, bears, non-human primates, dangerous reptiles, wolves, etc. All persons who possessed an exotic animal prior to the effective date of the ordinance will be allowed to keep the animals if they are granted a personal possession permit and comply with the requirements of the law.
  • Dayton – No person shall keep, possess, harbor, maintain, or have care, custody or control of any of the designated exotic or wild animals.  Exotic or wild animals include but are not limited to bears, coyotes, foxes, wolves, lion, tiger, ocelots, primates, venomous snakes, etc.

Oklahoma

  • Broken Arrow – It is unlawful for any person, firm or corporation to keep, maintain, possess or have under their control within the city any venomous reptile or wild or exotic animal as a "pet" except such animals that were acquired prior to November 2, 1987. A wild or exotic animal is defined as one which would ordinarily be confined to a zoo or one which would normally be found in the wild. This includes mammals and nonvenomous reptiles weighing over 50 pounds, which are known at law as ferae naturae.
  • Midwest City – Any warm-blooded, carnivorous or omnivorous, wild or exotic animal are prohibited to be kept as "pets" within city limits.
  • Oklahoma City – No person may keep exotic wildlife within the corporate limits of the city. Except a person may keep no more than one big cat on a tract of land that is not less than 5 acres in size if he/she has obtained written consent of all abutting landowners, has all required permits, and has placed a microchip in the animal's withers. Exotic wildlife includes but is not limited to lions, tigers, leopards, cougars, bears, wolves, coyotes, all venomous reptiles, crocodiles, caimans, alligators, nonhuman primates, any cross-breed.

Oregon

  • Beaverton – Prohibits private possession of dangerous animals as "pets." Dangerous animals include lions, tigers, wolves, alligators, and crocodiles.
  • Multnomah County – It is unlawful to harbor and/or own an exotic or dangerous animal as a "pet." Exotic or dangerous animal is any animal which is of a wild or predatory nature, and which because of its size, vicious nature, or other characteristics would constitute an unreasonable danger to human life or property. Exotic or dangerous animal includes any of the following animals: any large felid; any monkey, ape, gorilla; any wolf; any bear; any venomous or poisonous reptile; any reptile of the order Crocodilia, or any snake of the family Pythonidae or Boinae capable of obtaining 8 feet or more in length.
  • Portland – Prohibits private possession of exotic animals as "pets."
  • Springfield County – Prohibits private possession of exotic animals as "pets."

Pennsylvania

  • Borough of Brownsville, Fayette County – It shall be unlawful for any person to keep, breed or raise any dangerous animals (any animal creating, threatening or risking a hazardous, perilous or unsafe condition; this includes, but is not limited to, bobcats, wolves or crocodiles or any other animal which presents a danger to life and limb) or exotic/wild animals (any animal, including mammal, bird, or reptile, not normally or ordinarily raised as livestock or for work or breeding purposes or not a household "pet").
  • McCandless – No person shall possess a wild or dangerous animal as a "pet."
  • Philadelphia – No person shall keep a wild animal in any place other than a zoological park, veterinary hospital or clinic, humane society, circus, or facility used for educational or scientific purposes. A "wild animal" is any animal which is wild, fierce, dangerous, noxious or naturally inclined to do harm which includes but is not limited to: non-domesticated canines, non-domesticated felines, bears, primates, venomous snakes, alligators and crocodiles.
  • South Whitehall Township – No person shall possess any animal which is wild, fierce, dangerous, noxious or naturally inclined to do harm. Animals in the list include alligators, venomous and constricting snakes, bobcats, wolves, coyotes, etc.

Rhode Island

  • East Greenwich – No wild animals may be kept within the town limits as "pets."
  • North Kingstown – No wild animal may be kept within the town limits as "pets."

South Carolina

  • Beaufort – No person shall keep or permit to be kept in the city any wild animal, alligator, or poisonous reptile as a "pet." Wild animal includes monkeys, raccoon, skunk, leopard, panther, lion, tiger or any other warm blooded animal which can normally be found in the wild state.
  • Greenville – No person shall keep or permit to be kept any wild animal in the city. Wild animal means an untamed animal, living in its natural state, including but not limited to alligators, crocodiles, bears, big cats, canine family, nonhuman primates, and venomous snakes.
  • Lexington County – It is unlawful for any person to possess an exotic animal as a "pet." Exotic animals include lions, tigers, bears, wolves, coyotes, gorillas, elephants, alligators, crocodiles, venomous lizards, etc.
  • North Augusta – No wild animals may be kept within the city except under such conditions as shall be fixed by the council.
  • North Myrtle – It is unlawful for any person to keep any wild animals, vicious animals, reptiles, livestock or poultry within city limits.
  • Spartanburg – No person shall keep or permit to be kept any wild animal as a "pet." Wild animal means any raccoon, squirrel, poisonous snake, leopard, panther, lion, tiger, lynx, mountain lion or any other warm-blooded animal which can normally be found in the wild state.

South Dakota

  • Sioux Falls – It is a nuisance and shall be unlawful for any person to keep and maintain or to sell native fur bearers, bears, mountain lions, bobcats, lynx, panthers, endangered species, exotic cats, or venomous snakes as "pets."

Texas

  • Addison – It is unlawful to keep inside the corporate limits of the town wild and vicious animals. Wild animals include but are not limited to venomous lizards, rattlesnakes, cobras, boas, crocodiles, ostriches, rheas, tigers, lions, wolves, coyotes, raccoons, bears, elephants, primates, deer, etc.
  • Alvin – It shall be unlawful for any person to possess, keep, permit, suffer, cause or allow any wild or exotic animals upon or within any premises within the city. A "wild animal" includes any mammal, amphibian, reptile, or fowl that is of a species which is wild by nature, and of a species which, due to size, vicious nature or other characteristics is dangerous to human beings. Such animals include but not limited to big felines, wolves, non-human primates (average weight as an adult is greater than 20 pounds), and all forms of poisonous reptiles.
  • Austin – It shall be unlawful for any person to keep, raise, harbor, use, possess or have on his premises or under his control or attempted control any dangerous animals. A dangerous animal is any wild or feral mammal or reptile which by its nature or breeding has the capability of inflicting serious bodily injury to humans.
  • Baytown – It is unlawful for any person to intentionally or knowingly keep or maintain any wild animal within 500 feet of a church, school, hospital, or any residence or public place within the city limits. A "wild animal" is defined as any mammal, amphibian, reptile or fowl that is of the species that is wild by nature and is dangerous to human beings. Such animals include but are not limited to lions, tigers, panthers, bears, wolves, non-human primates, elephant, all forms of poisonous reptiles and snakes of a constricting type.
  • Bexar County – It is unlawful to possess an exotic animal as a "pet."
  • Collin City – It is unlawful to possess an exotic "pet" unless the possessor obtains an exhibitor's license from the USDA.
  • Corsicana – It is unlawful for any person to keep any wild animal within city limits. Wild animals include all species of animals which commonly exist in a natural unconfined state and are usually not domesticated. Such animals include, but not limited to, snakes, elephants, bears, leopards, monkeys tigers, and other such animals.
  • Dallas – It is unlawful to possess or harbor a prohibited animal within city limits. Prohibited animals include poisonous reptiles, ostriches, rheas, all non-domesticated cats, wolves, bears, all primates, and deer, bison, camels, and antelope.
  • Dickinson – It is unlawful for any person to buy, sell, possess, keep or permit any wild or exotic animal within any premises within the city. Wild and exotic animals include but is not limited to all poisonous reptiles, big cats, monkeys, ferrets, etc.
  • Eagle Pass – It is unlawful for a person shall keep a dangerous animal in the city. Dangerous animals are defined as any mammal, amphibian, reptile, or fowl which is not naturally tame or gentle but is of a wild nature and that, because of its size, vicious nature, or other characteristics is dangerous to human beings.
  • Euless – No person may possess an exotic animal as a "pet" within city limits.
  • Fanning County – Prohibits the possession of exotic animals.
  • Fort Worth – It is unlawful for a person to sell, offer for sale, barter, trade, keep, own, maintain, use, or have in a person's possession and prohibited animal. A "prohibited animal" is any animal not normally born and raised in captivity, including but not limited to the following: Class Reptilia (venomous snakes, rattlesnakes, crocodiles, alligators), Class Aves (eagles, hawks), Family Felidea (lions, tigers, bobcats, cougars), Family Canidae (wolves, coyotes, foxes), Family Mustelidae (weasels, skunks), Family Ursidae (bears), bats, elephants, primates, ungulates (deer, bison).
  • Franklin County – It is unlawful for a person to keep a lion, tiger, ocelot, cougar, leopard, cheetah, jaguar, bobcat, lynx, serval, caracal, hyena, bear, coyote, jackal, baboon, chimpanzee, orangutan, gorilla, a lesser panda, binturong, wolf, ape, elephant, rhinoceros, or any hybrid thereof unless otherwise permitted by federal or state law.
  • Grand Prairie – It is unlawful to keep any wild animal within city limits except nonhuman primates which may be kept in commercially zoned areas if they have been in possession in the city for 2 or more years prior to September 11, 1984. Wild animals include but are not limited to, lions, tigers, panthers, bears, wolves, elephants, nonhuman primates, and all forms of poisonous reptiles, etc. Constrictor snakes are permitted in a city with a license.
  • Grapevine – It is unlawful to keep any wild animal within city limits except at commercial establishments. Wild animal includes all species which exist in a natural, unconfined state and are usually undomesticated, such as poisonous snakes, boa constrictors, monkeys, wolves, lions, tigers, etc.
  • Guadalupe County – Prohibits private ownership of exotic felines unless the possessor holds a USDA license.
  • Haltom – It is unlawful to keep any wild animal, dangerous reptile, or insect within city limits. Wild animal includes all species which exist in a natural, unconfined state and are usually undomesticated.
  • Highland Village – Prohibited animals shall not be kept, owned, sold, or offered for sale within city limits. Prohibited animals means an animal not normally domesticated including, but not limited to, venomous lizards, poisonous snakes, boas, pythons, bears, monkeys, deer, etc.
  • Hill Country – Prohibits keeping dangerous wild animals as "pets." Dangerous wild animals are a lion, tiger, ocelot, cougar, leopard, cheetah, jaguar, bobcat, lynx, serval, caracal, hyena, bear, coyote, jackal, baboon, chimpanzee, orangutan, gorilla, or any hybrid of an animal listed above.
  • Houston – It is unlawful for any person to be in possession of a wild animal within the city. Wild animal means any mammal, amphibian, reptile, or fowl of a species that is wild by nature and that, because of its size, vicious nature or other characteristics is dangerous to human beings. Wild animals include, but is not limited to: lions, tigers, leopards, panthers, bears, wolves, cougars, coyotes, apes, gorillas, monkeys (average weight is 20 lbs. or more), foxes, elephants, venomous reptiles.
  • Hurst – It is unlawful to keep, own, care for or sell any wild animal within city limits. Wild animal includes any nondomestic creature which is wild by nature and shall include, but not limited to the following animals: large cats, wolves, coyotes, raccoons, bears, nonhuman primates, and poisonous reptiles.
  • Katy – Prohibits private possession of exotic animals as "pets."
  • League City – It is unlawful for any person to be in possession of a wild animal within the city. Wild animal is any mammal, amphibian, reptile, or fowl which is wild by nature and that, because of its size, vicious nature or other characteristics is dangerous to human beings. Such animals include, but not limited to large cats, nonhuman primates, poisonous reptiles, and foxes.
  • Lubbock County – Prohibits the possession of exotic animals; however, a grandfather clause allows existing animals to remain where they are.
  • Manvel – Prohibits private possession of exotic felines as "pets."
  • McAllen – It is unlawful for any person to keep or harbor any poisonous reptile or dangerous animal within city limits.
  • McKinney – It is unlawful to keep and/or sell any wild animal within city limits. Wild animals are any poisonous or dangerous reptile, or any other species of animal that commonly exists in a natural unconfined state and is usually not domesticated, including, but not limited to, lions, tigers, foxes, and raccoons.
  • McLennan County – Prohibits the possession of exotic animals.
  • Mesquite – It is unlawful to keep dangerous animals within city limits. Dangerous animals means all animals which are inherently not subject to domestication and including but not limited to poisonous reptiles or any animal for which there is no state department of health approved rabies vaccine.
  • Midland – It is unlawful for any person to keep or harbor any wild animal or poisonous snake within city limits. Wild animal shall mean all wolves, coyotes, panthers, lions, bobcats, cougars, poisonous reptiles or hybrids of these species and any other animal typically found in a zoo.
  • Missouri City – It is unlawful for any person to keep any wild animal within city limits. Wild animal means any poisonous or dangerous reptile, or any other animal which can normally be found in the wild state, such as, lions, tigers, skunks, and foxes.
  • Oak Ridge North – It is unlawful to possess a wild animal as a "pet" within city limits. Wild animal is defined as large cats, bears, coyotes, wolves, raccoons, porcupines, skunks, monkeys, elephants, alligators, large and venomous snakes, etc.
  • Palestine – It is unlawful for any person to keep within city limits any nonhuman primate, skunk, jaguar, leopard, lynx, tiger, lion panther, bear, coyote or any other carnivorous wild animal or reptile.
  • Pampa – It is unlawful for any person to keep any wild animal within city limits except commercial establishments dealing with the sale of these animals. Wild animal means any mammal except the common domestic species.
  • Paris – No person shall maintain any bears, lions, foxes, wildcats, jaguars, cheetahs, bobcats, wolves, jackals, leopards, hyenas, rats or any other wild animals, which may be considered dangerous by the chief of police.
  • Pasadena – It shall be unlawful for any person to sell, possess, keep, permit, suffer, cause or allow any wild animal within the corporate boundaries of the city. A "wild animal" includes any mammal, amphibian, reptile, or bird that is of a species which is wild by nature, and of a species which, due to size, vicious nature or other characteristics is dangerous to human beings. Such animals include but not limited to big felines, bears, wolves, non-human primates (average weight as an adult is greater than 20 pounds), pythons or boa constrictors larger than 6 feet in length, and all forms of poisonous reptiles.
  • Pearland – It is unlawful for any person to keep any wild animal within city limits. Wild animal is any mammal, amphibian, reptile, or fowl which is a species wild by nature, due to size, vicious nature or other characteristics is dangerous to human beings. Such animals shall include, but not limited to, big cats, nonhuman primates, elephants, and all forms of poisonous reptiles.
  • Plano – No person shall keep or permit to be kept any wild or prohibited animal as a "pet." Wild/prohibited animal means any live animal, other than a common domestic species which can normally be found in the wild state, or may pose a potential physical or disease threat to the public. Such animals include, but not limited to, venomous lizards, cobras, boas, rattlesnakes, ostriches, rheas, big cats, wolves, bears, nonhuman primates, and their hybrids.
  • Randall County – Prohibits the possession of exotic animals; however, a grandfather clause allows existing animals to remain where they are.
  • Richardson – It is unlawful for any person to own, possess, keep, or harbor any wild animal within the city. A "wild animal" is any mammal, except the common domestic species and any amphibian, reptile, or fowl which is not naturally tame or gentle but is of a wild nature or disposition and would constitute a danger to human life or property due to the animal's size and vicious nature. Such animals include but is not limited to large felines, bears, wolves, coyotes, elephants, and all forms of poisonous reptiles and other like animals.
  • Rosenberg – It is unlawful for any person to possess, keep, permit, suffer, cause or allow any wild or exotic animal upon or within any premises within the city.
  • San Antonio – Private possession of exotic animals is prohibited.
  • Seabrook – It shall be unlawful for any person to buy, sell, possess, keep, permit, suffer, cause, or allow any wild or exotic animals upon or within any premises within the city. A "wild animal" includes any mammal, amphibian, reptile or fowl which is of the species that is wild by nature and would constitute a danger to human life or property due to the animal's size and vicious nature. Such animals include but is not limited to large felines, monkeys whose average weight as an adult exceeds 20 pounds, foxes, wolves, elephants, and all forms of poisonous reptiles.
  • Southlake – It is unlawful for any person to keep any exotic animal within city limits. Exotic animal means any mammal, amphibian, reptile or fowl which is not naturally tame or gentle, and is generally not found in the wild in the continental United States and those defined as exotic under the Texas Parks and Wildlife Code.
  • Sugarland – It shall be unlawful to keep any wild or prohibited animal inside the corporate city limits. A "wild animal" is any poisonous or dangerous reptile, or any other animal which can normally be found in the wild state, not normally capable of being domesticated including but not limited to monkeys, skunks, foxes, leopards, panthers, cougars, tigers, and lions.
  • Tom Green County – Prohibits the possession of exotic animals; however, a grandfather clause allows existing animals to remain where they are.
  • Travis County – Prohibits the possession of exotic animals.
  • Victoria – No person shall sell or keep any wild animal as a "pet." A "wild animal" is defined as any animal normally found in the wild state, including snakes and other reptiles.
  • Webster – It is unlawful to keep, possess or maintain any wild animal within the city as a "pet." A "wild animal" is any mammal, amphibian, reptile or fowl that is of the species that is wild by nature and is dangerous to human beings. Such animals include but are not limited to lions, tigers, panthers, bears, wolves, non-human primates, elephants, and all forms of poisonous reptiles.
  • Yorktown – Prohibits wild animals from living within city limits.

Utah

  • Salt Lake County – No person may possess constrictor snakes in excess of 10 feet, alligators, grizzly bears, and apes.

Virginia

  • Arlington – No person may possess venomous snakes within city limits.
  • Chesterfield – No person shall keep or permit to be kept on his premises any wild or exotic animal as a "pet." A wild or exotic animal means any monkey, lion, tiger, wolf, or any warm-blooded mammal, poisonous snake, tarantula, other poisonous animal normally found in the wild, or any member of the crocidillian family.
  • Fairfax County – No person shall keep or permit to be kept on his premises any wild or exotic animal as a "pet." Wild or exotic animal means any live non-human primate, raccoon, skunk, wolf, squirrel, fox, leopard, panther, tiger, lion, lynx, or any other warm-blooded animals, poisonous snake, and members of the crocodilian family.
  • Fredericksburg – It is unlawful for any person to bring into or keep any wild or dangerous animal within city limits. Wild animal shall mean any raccoon, skunk, wolf, wolf-hybrid, squirrel, fox, prairie dog or other similar warm-blooded animal susceptible to rabies.
  • Manassas – No person may possess any wild or exotic animal within city limits. Wild or exotic animal means any vertebrate, wild creature and any poisonous invertebrate.
  • Manassas Park – No person may possess venomous snakes within city limits.
  • Newport News – It is unlawful for any person to keep any nondomestic animal or animals farae naturae as a "pet" within city limits. The term ferae naturae shall mean animals which by nature, are wild.
  • Portsmouth – It is unlawful for any person to keep within city limits any elephant, bear, leopard, lion, wolf, or any dangerous or carnivorous wild animal, or any dangerous or poisonous reptiles or serpents.
  • Prince William County – No person may possess venomous snakes within city limits.
  • Spotsylvania County – No person shall keep or permit to be kept any wild, exotic, or vicious animal. Wild or exotic animal means any live non-human primate, raccoon, skunk, wolf, squirrel, fox, leopard, panther, tiger, lion, lynx, or any other warm-blooded animals, poisonous snake, and members of the crocodilian family.
  • Stafford – No person may possess exotic reptiles within city limits. Exotic reptile means any poisonous snake not native to Virginia.

Washington

  • Anacortes – Prohibits the future possession of exotic animals as "pets" and the breeding of these animals. "Exotic animals" includes, but is not limited to, tigers, lions, servals, ocelots, giraffes, hippos, wolves, bears, weasels, coatis, hyenas, civets, wallabies, nonhuman primates, prairie dogs, alligators, venomous reptiles, etc.
  • Bainbridge Island – No person shall keep wild animals. Wild animals are defines as poisonous reptiles and arachnids, crocodilians, wolves and hybrids, and all species of non-human mammals.
  • Battle Ground – It is unlawful for any person to bring into the city, or to possess or maintain within the city, any exotic animal. "Exotic animal" includes any live member of the canidae, felidae, or ursidae families, as well as venomous reptiles, rear fang snakes, crocodiles, alligators, and caimans.
  • Bellevue – No person may possess or maintain an exotic animal. Exotic animals include venomous snakes, non-human primates and prosimians, bears, crocodilia, non-domesticated felines and canines and hybrids.
  • Bellingham – No person shall possess within city limits a lion, tiger, bear, gorilla, lynx, cougar, jaguar, coyote, or venomous snake, or any other native species to Washington.
  • Carnation – No person may possess an exotic animal within city limits.
  • Des Moines – No person shall keep or maintain a live monkey, lion, tiger, bear, cougar, mountain lion, badger, wolf, coyote, fox, lynx, or poisonous reptile, or any other dangerous, carnivorous wild or exotic animal or reptile.
  • Everett – No person shall possess, breed, import, export, barter, buy, or sell any non-human primate, wild cat, bear, wild canidae and hybrid, venomous reptile and amphibians, reticulated pythons or alligators.
  • Federal Way – Adopts the King county ordinance (see below).
  • King County – No person shall keep exotic animals as "pets" within the county limits unless the exotic animal was in private possession prior to April, 1994. "Exotic animal" means venomous species of snakes, non-human primates, bears, non-domesticated species of felines, non-domesticated species of canines and their hybrids, and the order crocodilia.
  • Lakewood – Prohibits private possession of exotic animals as "pets."
  • Puyallup – No person may possess an exotic animal within city limits unless the exotic animal was in private possession prior to April 2000.
  • Seattle – It is unlawful for any person to procure or keep an exotic animal. Exotic animal includes but is not limited to: non-human primates, non-domestic canines, non-domestic felines, bears, hyenas, crocodiles, alligators, elephants, etc.
  • Spokane – No person may harbor an inherently dangerous animal within the city unless the exotic animal was in private possession prior to September 25, 2000. "Inherently dangerous animal" includes: Canidae (any member of the dog family, excluding the domesticated dog and wolf hybrids), Felidae (any member of the cat family and their hybrid, excluding the domesticated cat), Ursidae (any member of the bear family and their hybrid), Non-human primates and prosimians (such as monkeys, chimpanzees, lemurs), and Reptilia (any member of the reptile family which are venomous, are part of a rear fanged snake family, and any crocodile, alligator, and caiman).
  • Tacoma – Prohibits private possession of reptiles, lions, tigers, and bears as "pets."

West Virginia

  • Ravenswood – No resident shall own any exotic animals without first obtaining a license and paying a fee to the city. This city ordinance makes it unlawful for residents to own panthers, wildcats, bobcats, bears, venomous or constricting snakes, skunks that do not have their perinea glands removed, or any other "wild animal of a species normally dangerous to human beings," without first obtaining a license and paying a fee to the city.

Wisconsin

  • Brown Deer – Prohibits private possession of exotic animals as "pets."
  • Germantown – No person shall keep, maintain or have in such person's possession any poisonous reptile, dangerous or wild animal or insect, including but not limited poisonous insects, and arachnids, poisonous snakes, constrictor snakes, any snake exceeding 4 feet in length, non-human primates, bears, crocodiles, elephants, hyenas, jaguars, lions, tigers, wolves, etc.
  • Green Bay – No person shall possess an exotic animal. "Exotic animal" is defined as all wild cats, wolves, coyotes, bears, non-human primates, raccoons, weasels, hyenas, elephants, alligators, crocodiles, venomous snakes, etc.
  • Greenfield – Prohibits private possession of exotic animals as "pets."
  • Greenwood – No person shall keep within the city limits a wild animal, such as a live monkey, bat, raccoon, poisonous snake or reptile, big cat, wolf, wolf-hybrid, or any other warm-blooded animal which can normally be found in the wild state.
  • Howard – Prohibits private possession of exotic animals as "pets."
  • Madison – It is unlawful to possess, sell, or purchase an exotic animal as a "pet." A exotic or wild animal is defined as nonhuman primates, wild cats, wolves, coyotes, bears, elephants, kangaroos, snakes greater than 10 feet long, etc.
  • Mosinee – It is unlawful for any person to keep within city limits any poisonous reptile or any other dangerous or carnivorous wild animal, insect or reptile, any vicious or dangerous domesticated animal or any other animal or reptile of wild, vicious, or dangerous propensities. Such animal include, but not limited to, all poisonous animals and reptiles, nonhuman primates, bears, big cats, constrictor snakes, deer, ostriches, wolves, etc.
  • Thiensville – No person shall keep, maintain or harbor an exotic animal within the town.  An exotic animal includes but is not limited to alligators, crocodiles, caimans, monkeys, lions, tigers, prairie dogs, venomous snakes, etc.
  • Waunakee – It is unlawful for any person to keep within city limits any poisonous reptile or any other dangerous or carnivorous wild animal, insect or reptile, any vicious or dangerous domesticated animal or any other animal or reptile of wild, vicious, or dangerous propensities. Such animals include but are not limited to, all poisonous animals and reptiles, nonhuman primates, bears, big cats, constrictor snakes, deer, ostriches, wolves, etc.
  • West Bend – It is unlawful to possess any poisonous reptile, dangerous or wild insect, all poisonous snakes, constrictor snakes, any snake exceeding 4 feet in length, non-human primates, bears, crocodiles, alligators, coyotes, elephants, gamecocks, hyenas, wild felines, wolves, and wolf hybrids.

International

Australia

  • It is illegal to keep non-human primates as "pets."

Canada

  • Ontario
    • Moore – Bans the keeping of certain kinds of exotic animals in the Township. "Exotic animal" includes alligators, anacondas, Boa constrictors, Burmese pythons, bobcats, caymans, cougars, crocodiles, Indian pythons, jaguars, leopards, lions, lynxes, ocelots, and Reticulated pythons. The ordinance does not provide for a grandfather clause.

Holland

  • It is illegal to keep exotic animals as "pets."

Italy

  • The Italian government has banned rhinoceroses, elephants, hippopotamuses, alligators, crocodiles, snakes, most varieties of monkeys and any other "wild" animals from being kept as household "pets." Persons may retain their wild animals as "pets" if the animal was bought prior to October 1999.

For further information or request a copy of any of the above listed ordinances please contact us.

Legislation
Legislation
Legislation