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State Pet Shop Laws: Vermont

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Definitions:

  • Adequate feed: the provision at intervals not exceeding 24 hours of a quantity of wholesome food suitable for the species and age, sufficient to maintain a reasonable level of nutrition in each animal. Must be served in a sanitary manner. (VT. STAT. ANN. tit. 20, § 3901)
  • Adequate water: constant access to a supply of clean, fresh, potable water provided in a sanitary manner or provided at intervals not to exceed 24 hours. (VT. STAT. ANN. tit. 20, § 3901)
  • Animal: any dog or cat, rabbit, rodent, nonhuman primate, bird or other warm-blooded vertebrate. Excludes livestock. (VT. STAT. ANN. tit. 20, § 3901)
  • Dealer or pet merchant: any person [includes businesses] who sells, exchanges, or donates animals. Excludes a person who sells/gives only offspring from animals maintained by him only as household pets. (VT. STAT. ANN. tit. 20, § 3901)
  • Pet dealer: any person or firm, or a representative or agent, who sells more than 1 litter of dogs or cats per year or 2 or more dogs or cats over 6 months of age to consumers for compensation. Includes breeders who sell animals to the public. (VT. STAT. ANN. tit. 20, § 4301)
  • Pet shop or pet merchant: a place where animals are bought, sold, exchanged, or offered for sale or exchange to the general public. (VT. STAT. ANN. tit. 20, § 3901)

Vet Care:

  • N/A

Housing:

  • N/A

Lemon Laws:

  • Pet dealers must give buyers of cats and dogs a blank written form (for submitting a complaint if the animal is “unfit for purchase”). (VT. STAT. ANN. tit. 20, § 4302)
  • Pet dealers must give buyers of cats and dogs a signed written receipt for the animal. [See statute and rules for details.] (VT. STAT. ANN. tit. 20, § 4302)
  • Lemon law that offers recourse to those who purchase sick or diseased animals from pet shops. [See VT. STAT. ANN. tit. 20, §§ 4302, 4303, 4304 for consumer remedies for the purchase of an ill or diseased animal.]

Food and Water:

  • Pet merchants must provide “adequate” food and water to the animals. (Penalty: max $500 fine, license revocation, and seizure of animals) (VT. STAT. ANN. tit. 20, §§ 3911, 3907, 3901, 3912)

Sanitary Conditions:

  • Pet merchants must provide sanitary conditions to animals. (Penalty: max $500 fine, license revocation, and seizure of animals) (VT. STAT. ANN. tit. 20, §§ 3911, 3907, 3912)

Unweaned Animals:

  • N/A

Miscellaneous Provisions:

  • Only pet merchants must be licensed. (Penalty: max $300 fine and/or max 6 months’ confinement) (VT. STAT. ANN. tit. 20, §§ 3906, 3911)

Notes:

  1. Where “adequate space” is not defined the state has not established a definition for the term.
  2. The definition of “animal” may actually be broadly written while the types of animals covered by the law (e.g., veterinary care, sanitation, food and water) may be more narrowly drafted.

Also see:

Legislation
Legislation
Legislation