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State Pet Shop Laws: Nevada

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Definitions:

  • Animal: every living creature that is not a human being. (NEV. REV. STAT. ANN. § 574:230)
  • Dealer: a person who, for compensation or profit, buys, sells, breeds, trades or imports cats or dogs for resale. (NEV. REV. STAT. ANN. § 574:260)
  • Operator: a person responsible for the operation of a cattery, kennel or commercial establishment engaged in the business of selling animals, or a shelter. (NEV. REV. STAT. ANN. § 574:290)
  • Pet: a domestic cat or dog commonly kept for pleasure. (NEV. REV. STAT. ANN. § 574:300)
  • Retailer: a person who acquires pets for resale. (NEV. REV. STAT. ANN. § 574:320)

Vet Care:

  • Retailers and dealers must have cats or dogs examined by a vet prior to sale The animal must be reexamined 14 days later and every 30 days after. (Nev. NEV. REV. STAT. ANN. § 574:450)
  • Retailers and dealers must not “knowingly” sell a cat or dog if the cat/dog requires immediate vet care or surgery. (Penalty: misdemeanor) (NEV. REV. STAT. ANN. § 574:450, NEV. REV. STAT. ANN. § 574:510)
  • Operators must provide “appropriate” vet care to cats and dogs, control diseases and observe each cat/dog daily. (NEV. REV. STAT. ANN. §574:440)

Housing:

  • Operators must provide cages that provide “sufficient space” for each cat or dog to “turn about freely and to stand, sit and lie” in a normal position. (NEV. REV. STAT. ANN. § 574:390)
  • [See NEV. REV. STAT. ANN. § 574:400 for formula for cage space that operators must give to cats and dogs.]
  • Operators must provide indoor cages for all cats and dogs except those “acclimated” to the outdoors. (NEV. REV. STAT. ANN. § 574:370)

Lemon Laws:

  • Retailers and dealers must give buyers of cats and dogs an info sheet with the animal’s ownership history, vaccination history, and medical history. The sheet must be signed by both parties. (Penalty: maximum $250 fine for 1st offense) (NEV. REV. STAT. ANN. § 574:460, NEV. REV. STAT. ANN. § 574:470)
  • Retailers and dealers must post a consumers’ notice next to the cages of dogs and cats for sale. (Penalty: maximum $250 fine for 1st violation) (NEV. REV. STAT. ANN. § 574:480)
  • Lemon law that offers recourse to those who purchase sick or diseased animals from pet shops. [See NEV. REV. STAT. ANN. § 574:490 for consumer remedies for the purchase of an ill or diseased animal.]

Food and Water:

  • Operators must offer “potable water” to each cat and dog at least twice daily for 1 hour and feed each cat or dog at least once daily. Food must be “wholesome, palatable” and of sufficient “nutritive value to meet the normal daily requirements.” Containers must be “kept clean.” (NEV. REV. STAT. ANN. § 574:420)

Sanitary Conditions:

  • Operators must (for cats and dogs) keep vermin under control, clean waste from cages daily, and disinfect cages daily. Runs must be sanitized every 2 weeks. Odors must be minimized. (NEV. REV. STAT. ANN. § 574:430)
  • Operators must eliminate excess water from the cages and avoid foul smelling drains. (NEV. REV. STAT. ANN. § 574:370)

Unweaned Animals:

  • Retailers, dealers and operators are prohibited from separating unweaned cats or dogs from their mothers. (NEV. REV. STAT. ANN. § 574:500)

Miscellaneous Provisions:

  • License not required for retail pet stores.
  • Operators must ensure the ambient temperature is 50–85 degrees. Must eliminate excess water from the cages and avoid foul smelling drains. (NEV. REV. STAT. ANN. § 574:370)
  • Operators must protect cats and dogs from “excessive” light but provide “ample” light to allow “routine inspection and cleaning.” (NEV. REV. STAT. ANN. § 574:370)
  • Operators must supply “adequate ventilation at all times.” (NEV. REV. STAT. ANN. § 574:370)
  • Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals agents cannot enforce these laws. (NEV. REV. STAT. ANN. § 574:350)

Notes:

  1. Where “adequate space” is not defined the state has not established a definition for the term.
  2. The definition of “animal” may actually be broadly written while the types of animals covered by the law (e.g., veterinary care, sanitation, food and water) may be more narrowly drafted.

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