State Pet Shop Laws: Maryland
- Animal: a living creature except a human being. (MD. CRIM. LAW CODE ANN. § 10-601)
- Distribute: offering for sale, selling, bartering or giving away [exotic birds]. (MD. HEALTH-GEN. CODE ANN. § 24-101)
- Exotic bird: a bird that is not native to the state. (MD. HEALTH-GEN. CODE ANN. § 24-101)
Food and Water:
- Bird distributors must keep the bird facility in “sanitary condition.” (Penalty: misdemeanor) (MD. HEALTH-GEN. CODE ANN. § 24-105, MD. HEALTH-GEN. CODE ANN. § 24-110)
- Prohibits anyone from selling kittens or puppies under 8 weeks. Exception: if the mother is with the kitten or pup, or if the kitten or pup is given to an animal shelter. (Penalty: misdemeanor and seizure) (MD. CRIM. LAW CODE ANN. § 10-613)
- License required to import, sell or breed exotic birds. (Penalty: misdemeanor) (MD. HEALTH-GEN. CODE ANN. § 24-102, MD. HEALTH-GEN. CODE ANN. § 24-109, MD. HEALTH-GEN. CODE ANN. §24-110)
- Bird distributors must keep specific records of the owner history for each bird for 1 year. (Penalty: misdemeanor) (MD. HEALTH-GEN. CODE ANN. § 24-106, MD. HEALTH-GEN. CODE ANN. § 24-110)
- Health department can inspect the facilities of bird distributors. Agriculture department can inspect the records or require “specimens” of bird distributors (for disease control). (MD. HEALTH-GEN. CODE ANN. § 24-108)
- Health officers must annually inspect pet stores to determine that procedures are being used to ensure prevention and control of zoonotic diseases, including psittacosis. (MD. REGS. CODE tit. 10, § 06.01.25)
- Inspections of premises where dogs are commercially sold are allowed by certain officials (if advance notice of inspection is given). (MD. CRIM. LAW CODE ANN. § 10-616)
- Prohibits anyone from killing a dog or cat (or allowing to be killed) using a decompression chamber, CO gas, or curariform. (Penalty: misdemeanor) (MD. CRIM. LAW CODE ANN. § 10-611)
- Where “adequate space” is not defined the state has not established a definition for the term.
- The definition of “animal” may actually be broadly written while the types of animals covered by the law (e.g., veterinary care, sanitation, food and water) may be more narrowly drafted.